Abbreviations

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Abbreviations

bd

twice per day

GA

general anaesthetic

IM

intramuscular

Intra-op

intra-operatively

IV

intravenous

LA

local anaesthetic

NRS

numerical rating scale

PACU

post-anaesthesia care unit

PCA

patient-controlled analgesia

PCEA

patient-controlled epidural analgesia

POD

postoperative day

PONV

postoperative nausea and vomiting

Pre-op

pre-operatively

Postop

postoperatively

RCT

randomised controlled trial

ROM

range of motion

SpO2

median oxygen saturation

TKA

total knee arthroplasty

VAS

visual analogue scale

VRS

verbal rating scale