Topics for future research

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Topics for future research

In certain circumstances, recommendations for a type of treatment cannot be made due to limited or conflicting evidence. Areas which have been identified as requiring further investigation in the future are listed:

  • Studies reporting pain on movement or chronic postmastectomy pain syndrome
  • Paravertebral block: single injection versus continuous infusion
  • Local wound infiltration and infusion
  • Axillary versus breast infiltration
  • Intercostal block
  • Gabapentin and other alpha-2-delta subunit ligands (gabapentinoids)
  • NMDA antagonists
  • Topical administration of local anaesthetics for minor breast surgery
  • Different surgical techniques e.g. laser surgery, electrocautery
  • Electro-acupoint stimulation