Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy Update 2006 Excluded References

Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy Update 2006 Excluded References

1.         Acil M, Basgul E, Celiker V, Karagoz AH, Demir B, Aypar U. Perioperative effects of melatonin and midazolam premedication on sedation, orientation, anxiety scores and psychomotor performance. European Journal of Anaesthesiology 2004;21(7):553-7.


2.         Agarwal A, Azim A, Ambesh S, Bose N, Dhiraj S, Sahu D, Singh U. Salbutamol, beclomethasone or sodium chromoglycate suppress coughing induced by iv fentanyl. Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia 2003;50(3):297-300.


3.         Agarwal A, Dhiraaj S, Raza M, Singhal V, Gupta D, Ranjan R, Singh PK, Singh U. Pain during injection of propofol: the effect of prior administration of ephedrine. Anaesthesia & Intensive Care 2004;32(5):657-60.


4.         Agnifili A, Ibi I, Verzaro R, Colangeli A, De Bernardinis G. Peri-operative pulmonary function, pain and stress response after cholecystectomy performed via laparotomy or laparoscopy: Comparison between laparoscopy and laparotomy. Minimally Invasive Therapy 1993;2(6):283-288.


5.         Akca T, Colak T, Kanik A, Yaylak F, Caglikulekci M, Aydin S. The effect of preoperative intravenous use of tenoxicam: a prospective, double-blind, placebo-controlled study. Journal of Investigative Surgery 2004;17(6):333-8.


6.         Argiriadou H, Papaziogas B, Pavlidis T, Parlapani A, Georgiou M, Papagiannopoulou P, Papaziogas T. Tropisetron vs ondansetron for prevention of postoperative nausea and vomiting after laparoscopic cholecystectomy: a randomized double-blind, placebo-controlled study. Surgical Endoscopy 2002;16(7):1087-90.


7.         Assalia A, Schein M, Kopelman D, Hashmonai M. Minicholecystectomy vs conventional cholecystectomy: a prospective randomized trial–implications in the laparoscopic era. World Journal of Surgery 1993;17(6):755-9.


8.         Assalia A, Kopelman D, Hashmonai M. Emergency minilaparotomy cholecystectomy for acute cholecystitis: prospective randomized trial–implications for the laparoscopic era. World Journal of Surgery 1997;21(5):534-9.


9.         Awad IT, Murphy D, Stack D, Swanton BJ, Meeke RI, Shorten GD. A comparison of the effects of droperidol and the combination of droperidol and ondansetron on postoperative nausea and vomiting for patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy.[see comment]. Journal of Clinical Anesthesia 2002;14(7):481-5.


10.        Barkun JS, Barkun AN, Sampalis JS, Fried G, Taylor B, Wexler MJ, Goresky CA, Meakins JL. Randomised controlled trial of laparoscopic versus mini cholecystectomy. The McGill Gallstone Treatment Group.[see comment]. Lancet 1992;340(8828):1116-9.


11.        Barkun JS, Barkun AN, Meakins JL. Laparoscopic versus open cholecystectomy: the Canadian experience. The McGill Gallstone Treatment Group. American Journal of Surgery 1993;165(4):455-8.


12.        Berberoglu M, Dilek ON, Ercan F, Kati I, Ozmen M. The effect of CO2 insufflation rate on the postlaparoscopic shoulder pain. Journal of Laparoendoscopic and Advanced Surgical Techniques – Part A 1998;8(5):273-277.


13.        Berggren U, Gordh T, Grama D, Haglund U, Rastad J, Arvidsson D. Laparoscopic versus open cholecystectomy: hospitalization, sick leave, analgesia and trauma responses.[see comment]. British Journal of Surgery 1994;81(9):1362-5.


14.        Berven S, Horvath K, Brooks DC. The effect of topical intraperitoneal bupivacaine on post-operative pain following laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Minimally Invasive Therapy 1995;4(2):67-71.


15.        Bhoyrul S, Payne J, Steffes B, Swanstrom L, Way LW. A randomized prospective study of radially expanding trocars in laparoscopic surgery. Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery 2000;4(4):392-397.


16.        Bisgaard T, Klarskov B, Kehlet H, Rosenberg J. Recovery after uncomplicated laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Surgery 2002;132(5):817-25.


17.        Biswas BN, Rudra A. Comparison of granisetron and granisetron plus dexamethasone for the prevention of postoperative nausea and vomiting after laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica 2003;47(1):79-83.


18.        Boldt J, Jaun N, Kumle B, Heck M, Mund K. Economic considerations of the use of new anesthetics: a comparison of propofol, sevoflurane, desflurane, and isoflurane. Anesthesia & Analgesia 1998;86(3):504-9.


19.        Brackman MR, Foley E, Esquivel J, Boisvert ME, Davis S, Daza E, Kirkpatrick JR, Finelli FC. Bare bones laparoscopy: a randomized prospective trial of cost savings in laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques – Part A 2002;12(6):411-7.


20.        Buanes T, Raeder MG. Introduction of laparoscopic techniques in gastrointestinal surgery: experience at a Norwegian university hospital as revealed by prospective comparative studies. Surgical Laparoscopy & Endoscopy 1993;3(1):21-8.


21.        Buanes T, Mjaland O. Complications in laparoscopic and open cholecystectomy: a prospective comparative trial. Surgical Laparoscopy & Endoscopy 1996;6(4):266-72.


22.        Byrne J, Timon D, Armstrong C, Horgan PG, Quill DS. A comparison of analgesic requirements and pulmonary function in ‘open’ versus laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Minimally Invasive Therapy 1994;3(1):3-6.


23.        Campbell L, Plummer J, Owen H, Czuchwicki A, Ilsley A. Effect of short-term ketorolac infusion on recovery following laparoscopic day surgery. Anaesthesia and Intensive Care 2000;28(6):654-659.


24.        Camus Y, Delva E, Sessler DI, Lienhart A. Pre-induction skin-surface warming minimizes intraoperative core hypothermia. Journal of Clinical Anesthesia 1995;7(5):384-8.


25.        Cason CL, Seidel SL, Bushmiaer M. Recovery from laparoscopic cholecystectomy procedures. AORN Journal 1996;63(6):1099-103.


26.        Cete MH, Ozmen MM, Hengirmen S, Kadioglu Y. The role of bupivacaine in decreasing postoperative pain and pulmonary complications. Gazi Medical Journal 1996;7:93-96.


27.        Chan AC, Chung SC, Lau JW, Brockwell J, Li MK, Tate JJ, Au KT, Li AK. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy: results of first 300 cases in Hong Kong. Journal of the Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh 1994;39(1):26-30.


28.        Chan HS, Ha XF, Ooi PJ, Mack P. A prospective comparative study between conventional and laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Singapore Medical Journal 1995;36(4):406-9.


29.        Chen RC, Liu MH, Tu HY, Chen WT, Wang CS, Chiang LC, Chen PH. The value of ultrasound measurement of gallbladder wall thickness in predicting laparoscopic operability prior to cholecystectomy. Clinical Radiology 1995;50(8):570-2.


30.        Chok KS, Yuen WK, Lau H, Lee F, Fan ST. Outpatient laparoscopic cholecystectomy in Hong Kong Chinese — an outcome analysis. Asian Journal of Surgery 2004;27(4):313-6.


31.        Chow S, Bosco JJ, Heiss FW, Shea JA, Qaseem T, Howell D. Successful treatment of post-cholecystectomy bile leaks using nasobiliary tube drainage and sphincterotomy. American Journal of Gastroenterology 1997;92(10):1839-43.


32.        Colak T, Ersoz G, Akca T, Kanik A, Aydin S. Efficacy and safety of reuse of disposable laparoscopic instruments in laparoscopic cholecystectomy: a prospective randomized study.[see comment]. Surgical Endoscopy 2004;18(5):727-31.


33.        Collier St J, Pollard SG, Morris GE, Dunn DC. Laparoscopy in the management of acute abdominal pain. Minimally Invasive Therapy 1993;2(3):93-95.


34.        Cox MR, Gunn IF, Eastman MC, Hunt RF, Heinz AW. Open cholecystectomy: a control group for comparison with laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Australian & New Zealand Journal of Surgery 1992;62(10):795-801.


35.        Croce E, Golia M, Russo R, Azzola M, Olmi S, De Murtas G. Duodenal perforations after laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Surgical Endoscopy 1999;13(5):523-5.


36.        Cunniffe MG, McAnena OJ, Dar MA, Calleary J, Flynn N. A prospective randomized trial of intraoperative bupivacaine irrigation for management of shoulder-tip pain following laparoscopy. American Journal of Surgery 1998;176(3):258-261.


37.        Dahl JB, Hjortso NC, Stage JG, Hansen BL, Moiniche S, Damgaard B, Kehlet H. Effects of combined perioperative epidural bupivacaine and morphine, ibuprofen, and incisional bupivacaine on postoperative pain, pulmonary, and endocrine-metabolic function after minilaparotomy cholecystectomy. Regional Anesthesia 1994;19(3):199-205.


38.        Davides D, Dexter SP, Vezakis A, Larvin M, Moran P, McMahon MJ. Micropuncture laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Surgical Endoscopy 1999;13(3):236-8.


39.        Dill JE, Dill BP. Quality of life outcomes following endoscopic ultrasound for dyspepsia/unexplained upper abdominal pain. Acta Endoscopica 2000;30(3):231-235.


40.        Eberhart LH, Seeling W, Bopp TI, Morin AM, Georgieff M. Dimenhydrinate for prevention of post-operative nausea and vomiting in female in-patients. European Journal of Anaesthesiology 1999a16(5):284-9.


41.        Eberhart LH, Seeling W. Droperidol-supplemented anaesthesia decreases post-operative nausea and vomiting but impairs post-operative mood and well-being. European Journal of Anaesthesiology 1999b16(5):290-7.


42.        Ehsan-ul-Haq M. Role of pre-anaesthesia outpatient clinic in reducing pre-operative anxiety. Jcpsp, Journal of the College of Physicians & Surgeons – Pakistan 2004;14(4):202-4.


43.        Eldar S, Sabo E, Nash E, Abrahamson J, Matter I. Laparoscopic versus open cholecystectomy in acute cholecystitis. Surgical Laparoscopy & Endoscopy 1997;7(5):407-14.


44.        Ell C, Kerzel W, Schneider HT, Benninger J, Wirtz P, Domschke W, Hahn EG. Piezoelectric lithotripsy: Stone disintegration and follow-up results in patients with symptomatic gallbladder stones. Gastroenterology 1990;99(5):1439-1444.


45.        Fiorillo MA, Davidson PG, Fiorillo M, D’Anna JA, Jr., Sithian N, Silich RJ. 149 ambulatory laparoscopic cholecystectomies. Surgical Endoscopy 1996;10(1):52-6.


46.        Frank ED, McKay W, Rocco A, Gallo JP. Interpleural bupivacaine for postoperative analgesia following cholecystectomy: a randomized prospective study. Regional Anesthesia 1990;15(1):26-30.


47.        Frenette L, Boudreault D, Guay J. Interpleural analgesia improves pulmonary function after cholecystectomy. Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia 1991;38(1):71-74.


48.        Fujii Y, Saitoh Y, Tanaka H, Toyooka H. Granisetron/dexamethasone combination for the prevention of postoperative nausea and vomiting after laparoscopic cholecystectomy. European Journal of Anaesthesiology 2000;17(1):64-68.


49.        Fujii Y, Tanaka H, Kawasaki T. Effects of granisetron in the treatment of nausea and vomiting after laparoscopic cholecystectomy: a dose-ranging study. Clinical Therapeutics 2004;26(7):1055-60.


50.        Gan TJ, Joshi GP, Viscusi E, Cheung RY, Dodge W, Fort JG, Chen C. Preoperative parenteral parecoxib and follow-up oral valdecoxib reduce length of stay and improve quality of patient recovery after laparoscopic cholecystectomy surgery. Anesthesia & Analgesia 2004b;98(6):1665-73.


51.        Gharaibeh KI, Al-Jaberi TM. Bupivacaine instillation into gallbladder bed after laparoscopic cholecystectomy: does it decrease shoulder pain? Journal of Laparoendoscopic and Advanced Surgical Techniques – Part A 2000;10(3):137-141.


52.        Gillberg LE, Harsten AS, Stahl LB. Preoperative diclofenac sodium reduces post-laparoscopy pain. Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia 1993;40(5):406-408.


53.        Golder M, Rhodes M. Prospective randomized trial of 5- and 10-mm epigastric ports in laparoscopic cholecystectomy.[see comment]. British Journal of Surgery 1998;85(8):1066-7.


54.        Gurmarnik S, Poreda M, Reid GM, Frasca JT, Paul-Blanc R. A combination of low dose spinal and general anaesthesia for laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia 1996;43(1):95.


55.        Habib AS, White WD, Eubanks S, Pappas TN, Gan TJ. A randomized comparison of a multimodal management strategy versus combination antiemetics for the prevention of postoperative nausea and vomiting. Anesthesia & Analgesia 2004;99(1):77-81.


56.        Hakanson E, Bengtsson M, Rutberg H, Ulrick AM. Epidural morphine by the thoracic or lumbar routes in cholecystectomy. Effect on postoperative pain and respiratory variables. Anaesthesia and Intensive Care 1989;17:166-169.


57.        Hanaoka K, Toyooka H, Kugimiya T, Ohashi Y. Efficacy of prophylactic intravenous granisetron in postoperative emesis in adults. Journal of Anesthesia 2004;18(3):158-165.


58.        Hasaniya NW, Zayed FF, Faiz H, Severino R. Preinsertion local anesthesia at the trocar site improves perioperative pain and decreases costs of laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Surgical Endoscopy 2001;15(9):962-964.


59.        Helmy SA. Prophylactic anti-emetic efficacy of ondansetron in laparoscopic cholecystectomy under total intravenous anaesthesia. A randomised, double-blind comparison with droperidol, metoclopramide and placebo. Anaesthesia 1999;54(3):266-71.


60.        Hendolin HI, Paakonen ME, Alhava EM, Tarvainen R, Kemppinen T, Lahtinen P. Laparoscopic or open cholecystectomy: a prospective randomised trial to compare postoperative pain, pulmonary function, and stress response. European Journal of Surgery 2000;166(5):394-9.


61.        Hong JY, Lee IH. Suprascapular nerve block or a piroxicam patch for shoulder tip pain after day case laparoscopic surgery. European Journal of Anaesthesiology 2003a;20(3):234-8.


62.        Hong SJ, Cho EJ, Lee JY, Kim WW, Kim EK. The physiologic response to laparoscopic cholecystectomy: CO(2) pneumoperitoneum vs wall lift. Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia 2003b;50(2):200-1.


63.        Horattas MC, Evans S, Sloan-Stakleff KD, Lee C, Snoke JW. Does preoperative rofecoxib (Vioxx) decrease postoperative pain with laparoscopic cholecystectomy? American Journal of Surgery 2004;188(3):271-276.


64.        Hsieh CH. Early minilaparoscopic cholecystectomy in patients with acute cholecystitis. American Journal of Surgery 2003;185(4):344-8.


65.        Huang FY, Fan SZ, Wang MS, Chen TL, Sun WZ, Lin SY. Comparison of continuous epidural infusion of fentanyl and fentanyl-bupivacaine for post cholecystectomy pain control. Ma Zui Xue Za Zhi 1990;28(1):9-13.


66.        Inan A, Sen M, Dener C. Local anesthesia use for laparoscopic cholecystectomy. World Journal of Surgery 2004;28(8):741-744.


67.        Jallali N, Haji A, Watson CJE. A prospective randomized trial comparing 2-octyl cyanoacrylate to conventional suturing in closure of laparoscopic cholecystectomy incisions. Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques – Part A 2004;14(4):209-211.


68.        Jelicic M, Bonke B, Millar K. Effect of different therapeutic suggestions presented during anaesthesia on post-operative course. European Journal of Anaesthesiology 1993;10:343-347.


69.        Jensen MP, Chen C, Brugger AM. Postsurgical pain outcome assessment. Pain 2002;99(1-2):101-109.


70.        Jensen MP, Mendoza T, Hanna DB, Chen C, Cleeland CS. The analgesic effects that underlie patient satisfaction with treatment. Pain 2004;110(1-2):480-7.


71.        Johansson M, Thune A, Nelvin L, Stiernstam M, Westman B, Lundell L. Randomized clinical trial of open versus laparoscopic cholecystectomy in the treatment of acute cholecystitis. British Journal of Surgery 2005:92(1);44-9.


72.        Joris J, Cigarini I, Legrand M, Jacquet N, De Groote D, Franchimont P, Lamy M. Metabolic and respiratory changes after cholecystectomy performed via laparotomy or laparoscopy.[see comment]. British Journal of Anaesthesia 1992;69(4):341-5.


73.        Joris JL, Hinque VL, Laurent PE, Desaive CJ, Lamy ML. Pulmonary function and pain after gastroplasty performed via laparotomy or laparoscopy in morbidly obese patients. British Journal of Anaesthesia 1998;80(3):283-8.


74.        Karayiannakis AJ, Makri GG, Mantzioka A, Karousos D, Karatzas G. Systemic stress response after laparoscopic or open cholecystectomy: a randomized trial. British Journal of Surgery 1997;84(4):467-71.


75.        Kenady DE, Wilson JF, Schwartz RW, Bannon CL, Wermwling D. A randomized comparison of patient-controlled versus standard analgesic requirements in patients undergoing cholecystectomy. Gynecology and Obstetrics 1992;174:216-220.


76.        Khan FA, Zaidi A, Kamal RS. Comparison of nalbuphine and buprenorphine in total intravenous anaesthesia. Anaesthesia 1997;52(11):1095-101.


77.        Khan FA. Comparison of Fentanyl and Nalburphine in Total Intravenous Anaesthesia (TIVA). Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association 2002;52:459-465.


78.        Kimberley NA, Kirkpatrick SM, Watters JM. Alterations in respiratory mechanics after laparoscopic and open surgical procedures. Canadian Journal of Surgery 1996;39(4):312-6.


79.        Kitano S, Iso Y, Tomikawa M, Moriyama M, Sugimachi K. A prospective randomized trial comparing pneumoperitoneum and U-shaped retractor elevation for laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Surgical Endoscopy 1993;7(4):311-4.


80.        Klockgether-Radke A, Piorek V, Crozier T, Kettler D. Nausea and vomiting after laparoscopic surgery: a comparison of propofol and thiopentone/halothane anaesthesia. European Journal of Anaesthesiology 1996;13(1):3-9.


81.        Koivuranta MK, Laara E, Ryhanen PT. Antiemetic efficacy of prophylactic ondansetron in laparoscopic cholecystectomy. A randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Anaesthesia 1996;51(1):52-55.


82.        Koivusalo AM, Kellokumpu I, Lindgren L. Gasless laparoscopic cholecystectomy: comparison of postoperative recovery with conventional technique. British Journal of Anaesthesia 1996;77(5):576-580.


83.        Koivusalo AM, Kellokumpu I, Lindgren L. Postoperative drowsiness and emetic sequelae correlate to total amount of carbon dioxide used during laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Surgical Endoscopy 1997;11(1):42-4.


84.        Koivusalo AM, Lindgren L. Effects of carbon dioxide pneumoperitoneum for laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica 2000;44(7):834-841.


85.        Kolla SB, Aggarwal S, Kumar A, Kumar R, Chumber S, Parshad R, Seenu V. Early vs delayed laparoscopic cholecystectomy for acute cholecystitis: A prospective randomized trial. Surgical Endoscopy 2004;18(9):1323-1327.


86.        Kristiansson M, Saraste L, Soop M, Sundqvist KG, Thorne A. Diminished interleukin-6 and C-reactive protein responses to laparoscopic versus open cholecystectomy. Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica 1999;43(2):146-52.


87.        Kum CK, Wong CW, Goh PM, Ti TK. Comparative study of pain level and analgesic requirement after laparoscopic and open cholecystectomy. Surgical Laparoscopy & Endoscopy 1994;4(2):139-41.


88.        Lai PB, Kwong KH, Leung KL, Kwok SP, Chan AC, Chung SC, Lau WY. Randomized trial of early versus delayed laparoscopic cholecystectomy for acute cholecystitis. British Journal of Surgery 1998;85(6):764-7.


89.        Larsen JF, Svendsen FM, Ejstrud P, Kristensen JU, Pedersen V, Redke F. [Gasless versus conventional laparoscopic cholecystectomy. A randomized trial with regard to technical problems, postoperative course and convalescence]. Ugeskrift for Laeger 2002;164(18):2398-402.


90.        Laurito CE, Kirz LI, VadeBoncouer TR, Riegler FX, Citron GM, Segil LJ, Pelligrino DA. Continuous infusion of interpleural bupivacaine maintains effective analgesia after cholecystectomy. Anesthesia and Analgesia 1991;72:516-521.


91.        Le Blanc-Louvry I, Coquerel A, Koning E, Maillot C, Ducrotte P. Operative stress response is reduced after laparoscopic compared to open cholecystectomy: the relationship with postoperative pain and ileus. Digestive Diseases & Sciences 2000;45(9):1703-13.


92.        Lee KW, Poon CM, Leung KF, Lee DWH, Ko CW. Two-port needlescopic cholecystectomy: Prospective study of 100 cases. Hong Kong Medical Journal 2005;11(1):30-35.


93.        Lee SH, Burhenne HJ. Gallbladder surgery following cholecystlithotripsy: suggested guidelines for treatment.[see comment]. British Journal of Surgery 1990;77(11):1268-71.


94.        Lindgren L. Pain after laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Do we do our best? Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica 1997;41(2):191-2.


95.        Los GJ, Lauwers MH, Van Lersberghe C, Camu F. Influence of sufentanil on propofol anesthesia using a target controlled infusion system. Acta Anaesthesiologica Belgica 1995;46(3-4):153-9.


96.        Lysak SZ, Anderson PT, Carithers RA, DeVane GG, Smith ML, Bates GW. Postoperative effects of Fentanyl, Ketorolac and Piroxicam as analgesics for outpatient laparoscopic procedures. Analgesics for Laparoscopy 1994;83(2):270-275.


97.        Madsen MR, Jensen KE. Postoperative pain and nausea after laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Surgical Laparoscopy & Endoscopy 1992;2(4):303-5.


98.        Maidatsi P, Gorgias N, Zaralidou A, Ourailoglou V, Giala M. Intercostal nerve blockade with a mixture of bupivacaine and phenol enhance the efficacy of intravenous patient-controlled analgesia in the control of post-cholecystectomy pain. European Journal of Anaesthesiology 1998;15:529-534.


99.        Majeed AW, Troy G, Nicholl JP, Smythe A, Reed MW, Stoddard CJ, Peacock J, Johnson AG. Randomised, prospective, single-blind comparison of laparoscopic versus small-incision cholecystectomy.[see comment]. Lancet 1996;347(9007):989-94.


100.      McCrory CR, Lindahl SG. Cyclooxygenase inhibition for postoperative analgesia. Anesthesia and Analgesia 2002;95(1):169-176.


101.      McGinn FP, Miles AJ, Uglow M, Ozmen M, Terzi C, Humby M. Randomized trial of laparoscopic cholecystectomy and mini-cholecystectomy.[see comment]. British Journal of Surgery 1995;82(10):1374-7.


102.      McLaughlin. The intraoperative administration of ketorolac tromethamine in evaluating length of stay in a same day surgery unit. Journal of the American Association of Nurse Anesthetists 1994;62(5):433-436.


103.      McMahon AJ, Russell IT, Baxter JN, Ross S, Anderson JR, Morran CG, Sunderland G, Galloway D, Ramsay G, O’Dwyer PJ. Laparoscopic versus minilaparotomy cholecystectomy: a randomised trial.[see comment]. Lancet 1994a;343(8890):135-8.


104.      McMahon AJ, Russell IT, Ramsay G, Sunderland G, Baxter JN, Anderson JR, Galloway D, O’Dwyer PJ. Laparoscopic and minilaparotomy cholecystectomy: a randomized trial comparing postoperative pain and pulmonary function. Surgery 1994b;115(5):533-9.


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106.      Morino M, Giraudo G, Festa V. Alterations in hepatic function during laparoscopic surgery. An experimental clinical study. Surgical Endoscopy 1998;12(7):968-72.


107.      Mrsic V, Neseck-Adam V, Budinscak I, Smilijanic A, Cala Z, Rasic Z. Effect of abdominal drainage on postoperative shoulder pain in laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Croatian Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology 1997;6(3-4):41-44.


108.      Murrell GC, Leake T, Hughes PJ. A comparison of the efficacy of ketorolac and indometheacin for postoperative analgesia following laparoscopic surgery in day patients. Anaesthesia and Intensive Care 1996;24(2):237-240.


109.      Naguib M, el Bakry AK, Khoshim MH, Channa AB, el Gammal M, el Gammal K, Elhattab YS, Attia M, Jaroudi R, Saddique A. Prophylactic antiemetic therapy with ondansetron, tropisetron, granisetron and metoclopramide in patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy: a randomized, double-blind comparison with placebo. Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia 1996;43(3):226-31.


110.      Naude GP, Ryan MK, Pianim NA, Klein SR, Lippmann M, Bongard FS. Comparative stress hormone changes during helium versus carbon dioxide laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Journal of Laparoendoscopic Surgery 1996;6(2):93-8.


111.      Nesek-Adam V, Grizelj-Stojcic E, Mrsic V, Smiljanic A, Rasic Z, Cala Z. Prophylactic antiemetics for laparoscopic cholecystectomy: droperidol, metoclopramide, and droperidol plus metoclopramide. Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques – Part A 2004;14(4):212-8.


112.      O’Boyle CJ, deBeaux AC, Watson DI, Ackroyd R, Lafullarde T, Leong JY, Williams JA, Jamieson GG. Helium vs carbon dioxide gas insufflation with or without saline lavage during laparoscopy. Surgical Endoscopy 2002;16(4):620-625.


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114.      Ortega AE, Hunter JG, Peters JH, Swanstrom LL, Schirmer B. A prospective, randomized comparison of laparoscopic appendectomy with open appendectomy. Laparoscopic Appendectomy Study Group. American Journal of Surgery 1995;169(2):208-12; discussion 212-3.


115.      Ortega AE, Peters JH, Incarbone R, Estrada L, Ehsan A, Kwan Y, Spencer CJ, Moore-Jeffries E, Kuchta K, Nicoloff JT. A prospective randomized comparison of the metabolic and stress hormonal responses of laparoscopic and open cholecystectomy. Journal of the American College of Surgeons 1996;183(3):249-56.


116.      Oxorn DC, Whatley GS. Post-cholecystectomy pulmonary function following inteerpleural bupivacaine and intramuscular pethidine. Anaesthesia and Intensive Care 1989;17:440-443.


117.      Ozkocak I, Kirdemir P, Rasa K, Aksu C, Gogus N. The comparison of preemptive intraperitoneal analgesic effects of tramadol, pethidine and bupivacaine. Anestezi Dergisi 2002;10(1):49-52.


118.      Paolucci V, Schaeff B, Gutt CN, Encke A. Disposable versus reusable instruments in laparoscopic cholecystectomy. A prospective, randomised study. Endoscopic Surgery & Allied Technologies 1995;3(2-3):147-50.


119.      Paventi S, Santevecchi A, Ranieri R. Efficacy of a single-dose ondansetron for preventing post-operative nausea and vomiting after laparoscopic cholecystectomy with sevoflurane and remifentanil infusion anaesthesia. European Review for Medical & Pharmacological Sciences 2001;5(2):59-63.


120.      Perry CP, Tombrello R. Effect of fluid instillation on postlaparoscopy pain. Journal of Reproductive Medicine 1993;38(10):768-770.


121.      Power I, Noble DW, Douglas E, Spence AA. Comparison of i.m. ketorolac trometamol and morphine sulphate for pain relief after cholecystectomy. British Journal of Anaesthesia 1990;65(4):448-455.


122.      Quaynor H, Raeder JC. Incidence and severity of postoperative nausea and vomiting are similar after metoclopramide 20 mg and ondansetron 8 mg given by the end of laparoscopic cholecystectomies. Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica 2002;46(1):109-113.


123.      Rademaker BM, Sih IL, Kalkman CJ, Henny CP, Filedt Kok JC, Endert E, Zuurmond WW. Effects of interpleurally administered bupivacaine 0.5% on opioid analgesic requirements and endocrine response during and after cholecystectomy: a randomized double-blind controlled study. Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica 1991;35(2):108-112.


124.      Raeder JC, Mjaland O, Aasbo V, Grogaard B, Buanes T. Desflurane versus propofol maintenance for outpatient laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica 1998;42(1):106-110.


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